Bridges & Piers
Anthropogenic noise has increased drastically in recent years due to the rise in ocean infrastructure development. Pile driving, the practice of pounding long hollow steel pipes called piles into the ocean floor, is required to support underwater structures such as turbines.
Pile driving is used to dill turbines into the ocean floor for the purpose of tapping into natural energy sources such as oil, gas, and wind. Pile driving is also used to build bridges and piers. Pile driving has the potential to produce some of the loudest anthropogenic sounds that enter the marine environment.
Bridges and piers are subject to guidelines and regulations during their construction phase. Environmental assessments have to to made concerning the marine environment as noise pollution can have detrimental effects on local ecosystems.